A long-standing goal of 3D human reconstruction is to create lifelike and fully detailed 3D humans from single images. The main challenge lies in inferring unknown human shapes, clothing, and texture information in areas not visible in the images. To address this, we propose SiTH, a novel pipeline that uniquely integrates an image-conditioned diffusion model into a 3D mesh reconstruction workflow. At the core of our method lies the decomposition of the ill-posed single-view reconstruction problem into hallucination and reconstruction subproblems. For the former, we employ a powerful generative diffusion model to hallucinate back appearances from the input images. For the latter, we leverage skinned body meshes as guidance to recover full-body texture meshes from the input and back-view images. Our designs enable training of the pipeline with only about 500 3D human scans while maintaining its generality and robustness. Extensive experiments and user studies on two 3D reconstruction benchmarks demonstrated the efficacy of our method in generating realistic, fully textured 3D humans from a diverse range of unseen images.
We thank Xu Chen for insightful discussions, Manuel Kaufmann for suggestions on writing and the title, and Christoph Gebhardt, Marcel Buehler, and Juan-Ting Lin for their writing advice.